There are two basic types of coffee beans, Arabica and Robusta. We mostly write about healthy organic coffee made from Arabica coffee beans. But there is another whole world of coffee for different uses in the world of Robusta coffee beans. So, how do robusta coffee beans differ from Arabica and what are Robusta coffee beans used for?
Robusta Coffee Beans
Robusta coffee is properly named Coffea robusta, or Coffea canephora. This variety of coffee is a more hardy plant than the Arabica variety. It is less prone to infestations of insects or plant disease so it is also cheaper to grow. Originating from plants in the western and central sub-Sahara Robusta yields more coffee beans than an Arabica plant and Robusta coffee beans contain about 2.7% caffeine as opposed to 1.5% for Arabica. The Robusta plant can grow as high as thirty feet. It is the primary coffee grown across most of Africa from Ethiopia on the Indian Ocean to Liberia on the Atlantic and South to Angola. The species has also been exported to Borneo, French Polynesia, Costa Rica, Nicaragua, Jamaica and the Lesser Antilles. The most recent export of Robusta coffee beans has been to Vietnam where coffee farmers produce the second largest volume of coffee in the world after Brazil. About a third of world coffee production is Robusta coffee beans of which the largest part come from the Highland of Vietnam.
Uses of Robusta Coffee Beans
Robusta coffee beans are often added at about 15% concentration to Italian espressos to provide more strength. Robusta is also added to many lower quality coffees where its relative bitterness in comparison to Arabica is not an issue. To the extent that caffeine is the reason for coffee health benefits Robusta is perhaps better than Arabica because of its higher caffeine content. There is no evidence however that Robusta coffee beans have any higher antioxidant content than Arabica. Where Robusta coffee beans commonly end up is in non-coffee caffeinated beverages such as soft drinks. Nestle uses Robusta coffee beans as part of their Nescafe original instant coffee.
Robusta versus Arabica
Robusta coffee beans contain more caffeine than Arabica and Arabica coffee beans are less acidic. Arabica coffee beans are more prone to diseases such as coffee leaf rust, la Roya, which is destroying coffee crops throughout Central America. And it can be easier to find what are essentially organic Robusta coffee beans, because this hardy plant rarely needs insecticides or fungicides to protect it against the ravages of nature. But coffee lovers love good coffee. They will pay more for better flavor and aroma. And this is where Robusta coffee beans can fall short. It is also why with such brews as Italian espresso only a few percent of the coffee is Robusta. This adds strength to the coffee but there is not enough to overpower the superior flavor of Arabica coffee beans. For more information about the various varieties of coffee, especially organic coffee, visit www.BuyOrganicCoffee.org.
If you prefer decaffeinated coffee instead of regular coffee, can you get healthy organic coffee as decaf? Yes, you can. And it can be difficult to find organic decaf coffee. First of all here is a little info about decaffeinated coffee.
To meet FDA labeling requirements 97% of the caffeine has to be removed. A six ounce cup of Robusta coffee commonly has as much as 200 milligrams of caffeine. A cup of shade grown organic coffee from Arabica beans usually has between 70 and 130 milligrams of caffeine. To be labeled as decaf these coffees need to be reduced to six and about three milligrams per six ounce cup. The moral is that if you want to avoid caffeine you should start by looking for decaf Arabica coffee. Unfortunately most commercial brands of decaf are made from Robusta beans. Remember that decaf does not mean caffeine free.
There are chemical processes used to extract caffeine from green coffee beans and there are natural processes. If you want organic decaf coffee you want to go the natural route. The first process to extract caffeine from green coffee beans used benzene. When it was found that this chemical can cause cancer that process went away. The so-called direct process uses methyl chloride. This process tends to preserve flavor but this chemical has also been associated with cancer. The two natural processes that can result in organic decaf coffee use CO2 gas or the so-called Swiss water process which, in fact, just uses water. Other water processes use methyl chloride. The Swiss water process involves repeatedly soaking in hot water and running the water through a carbon filter to retain solids and chemical that hold the flavor of coffee.
Decaf and Health Benefits of Coffee
The majority of health benefits of organic coffee come from the organic coffee antioxidants. To the extent these are depleted or compromised in the process of making organic decaf coffee it is a problem. Other effects such as the morning wake up effect of coffee and the lower risk of depression and suicide come from caffeine and are lost when one reduces the caffeine in coffee by 97%.
Change How You Make Your Coffee
If you like your organic coffee and simply want to reduce the amount of caffeine that you are getting there are two basic approaches. If you brew coffee at a lower brewing temperature you will extract less caffeine from the coffee grounds. An alternative route is to make espresso. Espresso is made under pressure and at high temperature but the process goes faster and typically extracts less caffeine. If like your coffee less concentrated than espresso consider making Americano. This is what European coffee shops made for US soldiers in the days after World War II when GIs wanted coffee like mom made back in Omaha. The coffee shops simply made espresso and added an equal quantity of water. This may be more to your taste than espresso it further cuts the amount of caffeine in half and foregoes the various means of making organic decaf coffee.
Organic coffee is good for your health. Coffee has a lot of health benefits and organic coffee spares you the contaminants that unfortunately can be found in a cup of commercial coffee. But where do you get organic coffee and how much do you have to pay. In this article we break down the cost of wholesale organic coffee and compare the cost of wholesale organic coffee to the retail cost of individual bags.
Where Does the Money Go in the Coffee Supply Chain?
The biggest profits in selling coffee commonly go to the coffee roaster and the retailer of organic coffee brands. Shipping can be costly in smaller quantities and many exporters of coffee from countries like Colombia will charge the same for their work exporting $100 worth of organic coffee as they will for exporting $2,000 worth. This is because the procedures and paperwork are the same for both large and small quantities. Shipping Panama Mountain Grown Organic Coffee from Panama by mail adds a few dollars to the base cost of wholesale organic coffee or retail bags of coffee.
The cost of high quality roasted whole bean organic coffee from Colombia is lowest when purchased in bulk. A recent price quote that we have from one of our suppliers is as follows: $18,861.70 for 1,980 pounds of roasted whole bean organic coffee with USDA and other organic coffee certifications.
For this quote the coffee would be roasted and put in 2.5 kilo bags (5.5 pounds). This quantity requires 360 bags:
Cost for 360 bags = $18,861.70
Cost per bag = $52.39
Cost per kilo = $20.96
Cost per pound = $9.53
The price of 12 ounces of Juan Valdez organic coffee in a supermarket in Panama is $16 which comes out to $21.33 a pound. A randomly selected price for shade grown roasted organic coffee from Costa Rica listed on Amazon is $10.95 plus $5 shipping for 360 grams. This comes to $15.95 for 0.79 pound. This is $20.19 a pound. The Colombian coffee in our quote is high quality and costs less than half as much per pound than individual bags purchased retail. This is the markup for handling and the retailer markup to cover his cost of doing business and gain a profit for his effort. In short, the cost of wholesale organic coffee goes up dramatically the most hands it passes through on its way to your cup.
Taste Testing before Buying in Bulk
If you are interested getting samples of great Panamanian coffee mailed to you contact us at Buy Organic Coffee. If you are interested in buying in large wholesale quantities our belief is that the best combination of quality, availability and price is the coffee from the Eje Cafetero, the Colombian coffee growing axis. Contact us and let us know what you are looking for and we will be pleased to find a supplier and exporter to provide you with great tasting Colombian organic coffee at a reasonable price.
There are a lot of benefits of drinking coffee but there are especially benefits of organic coffee. Coffee drinkers are less likely to develop any of several types of cancer. Drink coffee regularly and you are less likely to get type II diabetes, Alzheimer’s disease, Parkinson’s disease, or depression. There are, unfortunately a whole host of chemical impurities that may be found in a cup of regular coffee. The benefits or organic coffee over regular coffee hinge on the fact that healthy organic coffee is free of these substances.
A Hundred and Thirty Chemicals That You Can Do Without
Health authorities in Australia have found that more than 130 different impurities may be found in a cup of regular coffee. These contaminants include metals such as aluminum and zinc, pesticide residues, ochratoxin A, acrylamide, furan, and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons. Some polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons are found to cause cancer. Furans have been associated with skin disorders, liver problems, certain kinds of cancers, impairment to the reproductive, endocrine, and immune system, as well as effects on embryonic development. The benefits or organic coffee start on the coffee farm when the farmer uses sustainable growing practices.
Certified Organic Coffee
USDA certified coffee is the gold standard.
According to the USDA, the following is required for USDA organic coffee certification as well as to all organic food production.
“… Organic food is produced by farmers who emphasize the use of renewable resources and the conservation of soil and water to enhance environmental quality for future generations…”
Organic certified coffees with the USDA seal are the gold standard to which all other organic certified coffees are compared.
However, many small organic coffee growers cannot afford the price of USDA organic coffee certification. Here is where organizations like UTZ and Rainforest Alliance enter the picture.
A UTZ grower learns to do the following and then continues to do what is needed.
To reduce and prevent soil erosion, keep records of fertilizer and chemical use and use these products responsibly, follow good farming practices including integrated pest management, avoid deforestation, protect water sources, native and endangered species, use native fauna for shade grown coffee, train workers properly in their own language, implement and follow through on health and safety requirements, teach and require good hygiene, trace coffee from planting to roaster and carry out internal inspections every year.
Rainforest Alliance Certification
The process of getting certified by Rainforest Alliance is similar to getting UTZ Certified. Growers start by achieving partial success and grow into the eventual requirements. Rainforest Alliance requires that coffee growers meet half of the criteria for any given area of concern to start with and meet eighty percent of requirements overall. These criteria include ecosystem preservation, safety of wild animals, watershed conservation, fair hiring and labor practices, appropriate safety measures for workers, and strict adherence to agrochemical use standards. An additional feature of this program is the prohibition of genetically modified crops.
Just As Good As Certified
All of the certification processes give you organic certified coffees. Organic shade grown coffee is a top of the line product. If you are having trouble finding organic certified coffees and especially if you are interested in the benefits of organic coffee and want to buy wholesale, contact us at Buy Organic Coffee.
There are foods and drinks that are bad for you and there are foods and drinks that are good for you. We recently wrote an article about the healthy chemistry of coffee in which we extolled the benefits of organic coffee antioxidants. These are the chemicals in coffee that make it one of the healthiest drinks. So, do not be surprised that coffee ranks high on our list of the healthiest foods and drinks.
Bad Food, Bad Drink
Deep Fried Food: Fry anything in animal fat and you risk a high cholesterol and heart disease. But also you risk the toxic chemical compounds formed at high temperatures in cooking oil. These foods increase your risk of various cancers and stroke. Cooking at high temperatures produces compounds that cause chronic inflammation and oxidative stress.
Microwave Popcorn: Some microwave popcorns get their buttery flavor from diacetyl. This compound is linked to Alzheimer’s disease and a condition called popcorn lung, bronchiolitis obliterans. Make your popcorn the old fashioned way and avoid this chemical.
Processed Meats: Eating the equivalent of one hotdog or three slices of lunch meat a day increases your risk of getting heart disease by forty percent and your risk of getting type II diabetes by a fifth.
Soda: Think sugar bomb when you drink soda. And if you go with the artificial sweetener variety think of increased risk of heart disease and diabetes.
Some Good and Some Bad
Various Fish: Fish are good for you. Mercury is not. Make sure to avoid fresh water fish caught in suspect waters and fish such as swordfish which tend to have higher levels of mercury. Mercury is poisonous to your nervous system.
Alcoholic Beverages: The obvious downside to alcohol is if you drink too much. Liver cirrhosis and alcoholism are a bad deal. But, remember to so called French paradox. The French eat a lot of fatty food and do not get more heart disease. They also drink red wine with lots of good antioxidants. Alcohol in moderation, the equivalent of one or two glasses of wine a day, reduces the risk of a repeat heart attack in people have had a first one!
Invariably Good for You
Blueberries: Blueberries have high levels of antioxidants. Eating a cup of mixed berries every day for a couple of months tends to raise your good cholesterol and lower our blood pressure.
Green Beans: Think fiber, weight loss and a lower risk of colon cancer.
Organic Coffee: Now we have arrived at our favorite topic. Steady coffee drinkers have a lower risk of various cancers and half the risk of type II diabetes. Coffee drinkers are less likely to get depressed, less likely to contract Alzheimer’s disease or Parkinson’s disease and more likely to have more and better sex!
Ideally we all consume the healthiest foods and drinks. But, as in most things in life, the key is moderation. Too much booze is bad for you. A little wine with your meal is OK. Organic Irish coffee provides the benefit a organic coffee antioxidants and a little relaxation at the end of the day. And when you think of the of the healthiest foods and drinks, think organic.
Current research tells us that coffee is good for you and healthy organic coffee is even better. Coffee drinkers have lower risks of getting type II diabetes, various forms of cancer, depression, Parkinson’s disease, Alzheimer’s disease and of committing suicide! There are, however, well over a hundred impurities that can be found in a cup of regular coffee. Because organic coffee is grown without the use of synthetic fertilizers, herbicides, insecticides or fungicides, it is a better choice than regular coffee. Read on for more information about why organic coffee is good for your health.
More Coffee = Less Diabetes
Organic coffee is good for your health because coffee drinkers are less likely to develop type II diabetes. This is a condition that afflicts more than twenty million people in the USA. Drinking six cups of coffee a day corresponds with a fifty percent reduction in the risk of developing this disease accord to researchers. The benefit remains but at a lower rate with lower levels of coffee consumption.
More Coffee = Less Cancer
Organic coffee is good for your health because coffee drinkers are less prone to various forms of cancer. Female coffee drinkers are less prone to endometrial cancer. Coffee drinkers are less prone to getting skin cancer, liver caner or colon cancer. Male coffee drinkers are less likely to get prostate cancer.
Antioxidants in Organic Coffee Are Good for You
Organic coffee antioxidants appear to be at the root of organic coffee and your health. An antioxidant is a molecule that inhibits the cell damage and cell death in human cells caused by oxidative breakdown of other molecules in the cell. Oxidation is a factor in sickness and aging. Antioxidants help prevent the damage caused by excessive oxidation and to a degree inhibit the aging process. Natural means of controlling oxidation include vitamins C and E as well as glutathione. It is low levels of antioxidants that can lead to a condition referred to as oxidative stress and resultant damage to cells in the body. Organic coffee antioxidants are in the same class of molecules that help reduce oxidation. Because people drink so much coffee it is a major source of antioxidants.
A Healthier Life with Coffee
We recently posed the question does coffee make sex better? It turns out that drinking coffee enhances sexual urges in women and sexual performance in men. In addition drinking coffee before exercise enhances performance in many activities including sports and sex. Organic coffee is good for your health, it appears, in a very positive way!
Why Organic Coffee?
Over one hundred thirty contaminants can be found in a cup of regular coffee. The Australian Food Standards Authority found metals such as aluminum and zinc, pesticide residues, and many other unwelcome substances in commercially available regular coffee. The effects of some of these chemicals are impairment of the immune system, liver problems, and even certain kinds of cancer. On the other hand, antioxidants in organic coffee can help prevent disease. Organic coffee is good for your health because you get the benefits of drinking coffee and avoid unwanted substances contaminating your cup.
According to CNN.com there are five reasons to drink coffee before your workout.
A Spanish study, published in the International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism, found that trained athletes who took in caffeine pre-exercise burned about 15% more calories for three hours post-exercise, compared to those who ingested a placebo.
According to the report the necessary amount of caffeine to gain this effect is 4.5 mg per kilogram of body weight. For a 154 pound person this comes to 250 mg of caffeine in a 12 ounce cup. Additionally researchers in Japan have shown that blood flow is increased for an hour and a quarter after drinking coffee with caffeine. And, it turns out that drinking two to three cups of coffee before exercise resulted in less perceived pain from a hard workout.
Athletic Performance and Coffee
We wrote recently about how coffee enhances athletic performance. We noted that drinking coffee increases adrenaline. Adrenaline increase heart rate and blood flow, increases blood flow specifically to the brain and helps improve short term speed and endurance. Scientifically, the caffeine in coffee is an ergogenic aid for sustaining a high degree of effort over the short term. And coffee only lasts just so long and then the body metabolizes and excretes it. Typically half of the caffeine that you ingest at 7 am is gone by 1 pm (a six hour half-life). If our hypothetical 154 pound runner drinks two cups of coffee and gets 400 milligrams into his system he will still have 200 milligrams six hours later. This is plenty of time for a slow marathon runner to complete the course or for someone to complete a soccer match. Besides the other good health effects of drinking coffee, you may play a better tennis match or score more goals in soccer as coffee enhances athletic performance. These are good reasons to drink coffee before exercise.
Preserving Muscles as You Get Older
An interesting recent finding from animal studies is that helped offset the loss of muscle strength that occurs with getting older. Protective effects were seen in both the diaphragm and in skeletal muscle. Researchers believe that that taken in moderation caffeine can help preserve overall fitness and reduce the risk of age-related injuries.
Improving Performance in the Skill Positions
Bud Grant, the coach of the Minnesota Vikings in their heyday referred to skilled and unskilled positions in professional football. Big linemen played unskilled positions and quarterbacks and receivers played skilled positions. Assume for a moment that Grant was correct about big linemen not needing to think. There is no good evidence that coffee helps weight lifters or anyone else lifting, pushing or pulling heavy weights. But, coffee wakes you up. A recent study from Johns Hopkins shows that memory is better for a day after drinking coffee. If remembering what play it is matters quarterbacks and receivers would do well to drink a cup or two of coffee before going on the field. And do not forget about drinking healthy organic coffee because it is good for you, good for the environment and good for the coffee farmer who practices sustainable agriculture.
The best coffee in the world is healthy organic coffee. There are many sources of good quality organic coffee but many times it can be hard to find organic wholesale coffee in sufficient quantity. In our experience your best bet for organic wholesale coffee is in the various Colombian organic coffee brands. These Arabica coffees are some of the best in the world. Coffee exporters in the Colombian Cafetero can typically supply organic wholesale coffee by the ton and by the shipping container. Look to the Cafetero for roasted whole bean organic coffee or wholesale organic green coffee beans.
Colombian Organic Coffee Brands
Colombian coffee is the best Arabica coffee in the world. There are several outstanding Colombian organic coffee brands. Here is a short list of folks in the Cafetero who can provide organic wholesale coffee in quantity.
- Linea Roja
- Juan Valdez
- Café Madrid
- Fincas Aliadas
- Eco Bio Colombia
- Mountain View Coffee
- Café Pitayo
Colombia is a major coffee producer ranking behind the larger country of Brazil in coffee volume produced. But Colombia is the best producer of high quality Arabica coffee in volume for shipping organic wholesale coffee. To get organic wholesale coffee from Colombia you need to deal with a professional exporter because of issues unique to Colombia, namely a sixty year long civil war. Colombia’s civil war began in the 1950’s and is still going. What began as a fight for the rights of small farmers has largely turned into paramilitary groups of drug lords and mini drug lords and kidnappers hiding out in the jungle with little chance of reintegrating into society. The government has gotten the rebellion out of the cities but the surviving drug lords in the jungle still try to ship their product out of the country by various means. So, if you are going to fly out of Manizales, Pereira, Medellin, Cali, or Bogotá expect to have your bags searched for drugs as a large drug-sniffing police dog sits by. The office will pin prick any bags of coffee that you are carrying and test with a mechanical “sniffer” if not the large pooch at his side. If you decide that you would like to forego this experience and mail your coffee back home forget it. You cannot mail packaged coffee out of Colombia! If you are interested in Colombian organic coffee brands you need to carry the coffee out yourself or deal with someone who exports Colombian organic coffee brands. For more information about Colombian organic coffee brands feel free to contact us at http://buyorganiccoffee.org/contact-us/.
Make Sure That It Is Organic
Colombia produces lots of great coffee but if you want organic coffee make sure to specify that fact. There are small growers in Colombia who practice organic agriculture but do not pay to have their crops certified. If you are interested in organic wholesale coffee from such producers let us known and we will be glad to help.
If you want fresher coffee avoid buying ground coffee and buy whole bean coffee. Grind just enough for what you want to drink and store your whole bean coffee in a cool and dark place. Whole bean coffee retains its freshness for up to six months if properly stored while ground coffee starts to lose freshness and its antioxidants start to degrade as soon as it is ground up. Whole bean coffee is the middle choice between ground coffee and green coffee beans. Green coffee beans store for a couple of years retaining freshness and antioxidants but you also have to roast green coffee beans before grinding and brewing.
Organic Whole Bean Coffee Antioxidants
The best route to go when buying whole bean coffee is to look for organic coffee. Organic coffee is grown under sustainable conditions and avoids impurities such as fungicides, herbicides, insecticides and synthetic fertilizers. There are as many as 150 impurities that can be found in a cup of regular coffee. Your better choice is organic whole bean coffee. Regarding whole bean coffee, antioxidants oxidize over time. That is they degrade with exposure to the oxygen in the air. Thus keeping coffee beans in an airtight container will help. Also reducing the available surface area reduces the ability of oxygen in the air to get to the coffee. That is why organic whole bean coffee is less likely to oxidize as rapidly as ground coffee. The antioxidants are protected by the outer parts of the coffee bean. By preserving organic whole bean coffee as the whole bean until just before grinding and preparing coffee you preserve the taste and preserve the health benefits of the coffee.
Antioxidants and Coffee Health Benefits
In the last few years researchers have found that antioxidants in coffee have definite health benefits. It has been known for years that a chemical in the human body called phase II enzyme inhibits the development of colon cancer. Now researchers have found that more organic coffee can lead to less colon cancer. The health benefits of organic whole bean coffee do not stop with the colon cancer to coffee connection. Coffee drinkers get a lower incidence of Type II diabetes. A documented study recently published demonstrated that women who drink four or more cups of coffee a day have less than half the risk of developing type II diabetes as women who do not drink coffee. Add the fact that more coffee reduces the risk of cancer of the prostate, liver and endometrium and you have good reason to buy whole bean coffee and grind just before brewing.
The Taste and Aroma of Coffee
We enjoy the health benefits of drinking coffee but most folks drink coffee in the morning to help wake up and because they frankly enjoy the aroma and taste. Here is where whole bean coffee just ground and brewed is important. The chemicals that give coffee its aroma and flavor also degrade with exposure to the air. Avoid that problem buy purchasing and storing properly whole bean coffee, preferably organic.
A while back we wrote about an antioxidant rich diet. We noted that you can stay healthy with an antioxidant rich diet. Antioxidants are substances found in healthy organic coffee and other foods. They help reduce the incidence of Type II Diabetes, many forms of cancer, depression and diseases as diverse as Parkinson’s disease and Alzheimer’s disease. Although there are foods and beverages that contain higher concentrations of antioxidants, coffee is the leading source of these helpful substances simply because people drink a lot of coffee. So, if you want to fill your diet with foods rich in antioxidants consider antioxidant rich organic coffee from Colombia. There are many wonderful coffees from the Cafetero of Colombia where they routinely grow the best Arabica coffee in the world.
Here is a short list of Colombian organic coffee brands as well as high grade Colombian coffees that are essentially same-as-organic but without official certification.
- Linea Roja
- Juan Valdez
- La 14
- Aguila Roja
As we have often mentioned it can be difficult to get antioxidant rich organic coffee from Colombia out of Colombia. If you are interested in any of these products please contact us at Buy Organic Coffee for assistance.
In our recent article, Panama Gourmet Coffee, we listed a few brands and some thoughts that are worth repeating. Remember that Panama was part of Colombia for a century so even though politics are different when you drink coffee from Panama you are basically still getting antioxidant rich organic coffee from Colombia.
Panama Gourmet Coffee #1: Cafés de la Luna
This coffee is grown on a reclaimed seven acre coffee farm in the highlands of western Panama. The volcanic soil, high altitude and overcast weather favors some of the best coffee in the world. The Dos Jefes farm where this coffee was grown has been in operation since 2004 and aims for healthy, natural and flavorful coffee.
Panama Gourmet Coffee #2: Hartman Estate Coffee
This shade grown and bird friendly coffee is likewise grown in western Panama in volcanic soil. The cloudy weather and forested habitat result in growing coffee in the shade and a fine gourmet coffee. The farm boasts of having seen 273 species of birds on their coffee farm. As a point of reference 904 bird species have been seen in Panama and the entire USA has 888 bird species.
Panama Gourmet Coffee #3: Finca Lerida
This Panama natural coffee producer is one of oldest continually operated coffee farms in Panama. Finca Lerida exported coffee to Germany in 1929! This is another producer of high quality coffee in small amount in the highlands of western Panama.
Panama Gourmet Coffee #4: Hacienda Fennario
Premium gourmet coffee from Hacienda Fennario is “naturally cultivated without pesticides, herbicides or chemical fertilizers. It is estate grown, harvested by hand and roasted in small batches.”
Panama Gourmet Coffee #5: Bajareque
This producer of Elida Estate coffees grows coffee at high altitude adjacent to the Volcan Baru National Park. This park surrounds the extinct 11,000 foot volcano that is responsible for the volcanic soil in the region. The grower describes their coffee as having a hint of rich chocolate with floral top notes and dynamic complexity. This is another coffee that grows in the cool and shade of the mountains of Panama where birds thrive.