Did Someone Just Hack Your Coffee Maker?

We have just come across another excellent reason to use a French press or traditional methods as with Turkish coffee. Computer World tells us about when coffee makers attack.

It was shocking to learn that the recent distributed denial-of-service attack of the nation’s internet infrastructure via DNS provider Dyn was aided and abetted by a hijacked army of products from the internet of things. It is thought to be the first DoS attack to rely overwhelmingly on a lot of “dumb” appliances that have little processing power of their own but are connected to the internet. That’s right, the internet was crippled because our coffee makers, washing machines and refrigerators were recruited to bring it down.

Hackers managed to take control of more than 100,000 dumb devices like your coffee maker or even your toothbrush, although for the life of us we cannot fathom why a toothbrush would need internet access! Nevertheless the hackers pulled off a so-called denial of service attack by having 100,000 or so devices request access to the internet taking down an internet service company in the process. If someone just hacked your coffee maker what can you do? Here are three simple answers.

Keep the Coffee Maker and Change Your Password

If you bought a single serving coffee maker that you could access via you smart phone to start making the coffee as you are parking the car, maybe you want to keep the device. The answer then is to routinely change your username and password for the device. Read the instructions that came with the machine or contact the manufacturer if you need help. Because most of us are not storing nuclear weapons secrets or passwords to our bank account on the coffee maker we might have thought that no one cared. The quick answer is changing your password and username.

French Press

You really can make great coffee with a French press.

A French press is a coffee pot, typically glass, with a fine wire mesh plunger. Coffee grounds are added to the pot followed by hot water. The coffee is allowed to steep for a few minutes and then stirred briefly. Then the plunger is pushed down through the coffee. The bulk of the grounds are pushed to the bottom of the pot.

When you use a French press the coffee steeps just like tea. Because no filter is used you get the oils and particulate matter that contains so much of the aroma and flavor of the coffee. And the temperature of the coffee remains the same throughout the process until you pour into your coffee cup.

This method does not involve computer chips, access to the internet, usernames or passwords. And it makes great coffee.

French Press Coffee Maker

French Press Coffee Maker

Exotic Coffees

We have written about different ways to make coffee from around the world. None of these involves the internet or passwords and usernames. For example, Turkish coffee can be fun to make and is delicious as well.

Ibrik for Turkish Coffee

Ibrik for Turkish Coffee

Ibrik for Turkish Coffee

Here is the short and sweet approach to making Turkish coffee.

  • When making coffee Turkish style grind the coffee beans even finer than you would for making espresso.
  • Make Turkish coffee in a small pot with a cup of water
  • A small sauce pan will do although Turks use an ibrik (see image)
  • Add sugar
    • Plain: no sugar
    • Little sugar: add half a level teaspoon to the coffee
    • Medium: add a level teaspoon to the coffee
    • A lot of sugar: add two level teaspoons to the coffee
  • Bring the water with sugar to a boil and remove from heat
  • Add coffee and stir until coffee sinks
    • Some add a pod of cardamom as well (optional)
  • Heat again slowly until coffee boils and foam appears on the top
    • So not stir as this disturbs the foam
    • Do not boil too long as prolonged boiling gives the coffee a burnt taste
    • Remove from heat briefly and then heat again
    • Repeat one more time
  • Pour coffee directly from the ibrik or your sauce pan into demitasse cups similar to what you would use for espresso
  • Ideal Turkish coffee has a lot of thick foam (think of Cuban coffee) and the person who gets the cup with the most foam has the best coffee.

Get back to the basics of making coffee and forget about internet access for your coffee maker.

Organic Coffee with Antioxidants in It

Coffee is good for you and organic coffee is better. The healthiest part of organic coffee is the antioxidants in it. What are organic coffee antioxidants and why are they good for you?

Scientifically an antioxidant is a molecule that inhibits the cell damage and cell death in human cells caused by oxidative breakdown of other molecule in the cell. Oxidation is a factor in sickness and aging. Antioxidants help prevent the damage caused by excessive oxidation and to a degree inhibit the aging process. When an oxidative reaction brought on by disease gets going it produces free radicals that start chain reactions which in turn cause cell and tissue damage. The human body has or uses antioxidants to control this situation. Natural means of controlling oxidation include vitamins C and E as well as glutathione. It is low levels of antioxidants that can lead to a condition referred to as oxidative stress and resultant damage to cells in the body. Organic coffee antioxidants are in the same class of molecules that help reduce oxidation.

An example of a good antioxidant in organic coffee is methylpyridium. It is created during the roasting process from the chemical trigonelline in green coffee beans. It turns out that methylpyridium increases the activity of phase II enzymes in the human body and these enzymes are believed to protect against colon cancer, the second leading cause of cancer death in the USA.

Other Reasons to Drink Organic Coffee with Antioxidants in It

Organic coffee with antioxidants in it helps prevent degenerative diseases as we noted in our article Forget Your Alzheimer’s and Drink Your Coffee.

Regular and healthy organic coffee both contain caffeine and a number of other useful ingredients, one or more of which appears to reduce levels of beta amyloid in the brain. A study that the South Florida researchers published in the Journal of Neuroscience shows that Caffeine protects Alzheimer’s mice against cognitive impairment and reduces brain beta-amyloid production. The coffee drinking mice kept their memories! In addition, researchers found that high coffee consumption in mice raised levels of granulocyte colony stimulating factor, a chemical that has reduced levels in Alzheimer’s patients.

Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s which coffee also helps prevent develop over time. Research has shown that drinking just one cup of coffee a day over the years is associated with a reduced incidence of Alzheimer’s and a lower risk of Parkinson’s as well. Add to this the significantly reduced incidence of Type II diabetes in coffee drinkers. With both Alzheimer’s and Type II diabetes the more coffee you drink the greater reduction you will see in incidence of these diseases. It all has to do with organic coffee with antioxidants in it.

Why Organic Coffee?

Organic coffee is typically high quality Arabica coffee. And because organic coffee is grown using sustainable agricultural practices it contains no pesticide, herbicide or fungicide residue. Organic coffee is grown with minimal use of synthetic fertilizers and has been shown to save you from more than 150 contaminants commonly seen in regular coffee.

Organic Coffee Market in the USA

The USA consumes more coffee than any other nation on the planet. Of the nations that drink the most coffee the USA ranks first followed by Germany, Japan and France. Of course the Dutch, Fins and Swedes drink more per capita but their populations are much smaller. How much of US consumption is organic coffee? The USA consumes nearly half of all organic coffee that is grown. The portion of US coffee imports that is certified as organic or fair trade is 16% of all green coffee according to Trends in Trade of Certified Coffee. The value of US organic coffee sales in the USA passed a billion dollars a decade ago according to the Organic Consumers Association.

Organic Coffee and K Cups

A substantial portion of US coffee comes from single servings, K cups or similar products. The efficiency of making just one cup is very attractive. And you can get organic coffee in single serving cups as well. But we asked this question last year, does organic coffee in a K cup make sense?

Keurig Green Mountain is coming out with a new product line, organic coffee in K cups. Our question is if organic coffee in a K cup makes any sense. People drink organic coffee because they like the taste and aroma of high quality coffee, they like the idea of a pure produce free of unnecessary contaminates and because they want to help protect the environment. Putting organic coffee in a K cup raises some questions but first a little about the new Keurig product line.

Billions of K cups go into landfills each year. If part of the reason you drink organic coffee is that you want to protect the environment then even organic coffee in a Keurig K cup is a problem. But there was a solution. Keurig also made refillable K cups under the brand, My K Cup. You could also refill these with any coffee of your choice, which would commonly be cheaper than the coffee from Keurig. Unfortunately that changed.

Unfortunately Keurig stopped that because they were losing business.

Coffee at the Coffee Shop

You can get organic coffee at shops like Starbucks which buys about 2 million pounds of organic green coffee beans each year. They also note that much of the high quality coffee that they buy is grown using organic methods but the grower does not go to the trouble of certifying because they sell their whole crop to Starbucks. Thus you are often getting organic coffee but not certified organic coffee at your local coffee shop.

Who Drinks Organic Coffee?

We found out in our article, Do Millennials Drink Coffee, that this age group prefers higher quality coffee.

It turns out that millennials do not necessarily drink more coffee than other generations of Americans, but they like good coffee and are willing to pay for it. In a world in which investments in the stock market and real estate have bottomed out right before our eyes, many millennials are “investing” in quality of life which includes better food and beverage experiences.

It is good news for the organic coffee business that this younger age group likes the product.

Should You Refrigerate Organic Coffee Beans?

Coffee is good for you and organic coffee is even better. The positive health effects of coffee primarily come from the antioxidants. And coffee is the biggest source of antioxidants in the foods and beverages that we eat both because coffee contains these great chemicals and because we drink so much coffee. In order to preserve the antioxidants in coffee should you refrigerate organic coffee beans? The answer is an emphatic no. Here is why.

What Should Go in the Frig or Freezer and What Should Stay Out

Foods that will spoil at air temperature like meats and poultry go in the freezer for long term storage and in the frig for a day or so. The food that you eat comes out, gets thawed and gets cooked. There is no spoilage, no food poisoning and everyone is happy. What you do not do with meat or poultry is to continue to repeatedly remove from the freezer or frig, allow to warm up, and then freeze again. You are risking food poisoning and to a degree are degrading nutritional value. The later issue is what applies to coffee as well as tomatoes, watermelon, onions and garlic.

Condensation Is an Enemy of Organic Coffee Antioxidants

Organic green coffee beans retain their freshness and antioxidants for up to two years if stored in a cool and dry place. Roasted coffee beans are good for up to six months, also if stored in a cool and dry place. If you have the exact quantity that you intend to grind and use to make coffee on the spot you could store that quantity in an air tight bag in the freezer or frig. What you cannot do without degrading antioxidants and losing freshness is to store a five pound bag of green, roasted or especially roasted and ground coffee in the frig or freezer. Then every time you take out the coffee and remove some to make coffee the warmer air in the room will cause condensation on the coffee beans. And it is this condensation that serves to degrade antioxidants and freshness.

Worse with Roasted and Ground Coffee

The effect of condensation on coffee antioxidants is quickest where the warm, moist air touches to cold coffee. If you are storing ground coffee first of all the best you can hope for by storing in a cool and dry location is six weeks before all the freshness and antioxidant value is gone. If you repeatedly cause condensation by removing from the frig and putting back in every little grain of roasted and ground coffee is effected each and every time. At least with whole beans the condensation effect only works on the outside of the bean and needs to work its way inward with time.

Healthy Coffee Does Not Go in the Frig or Freezer

If you want to enjoy the health benefits of coffee and make the taste and aroma last, do not refrigerate or freeze your coffee. Store your coffee in a cool and dry place in a sealed jar. This means do not put the coffee in the cupboard over the stove where the heat and humidity from cooking will negate everything that we have just said!

Organic Green Coffee with Ginger

Have you ever had ginger coffee? If not, here is a recipe and a bit of information about organic green coffee with ginger.

Ginger Coffee Recipe


6 tablespoons ground organic coffee

1 tablespoon grated orange peel

1 tablespoon chopped crystallized ginger

½ tablespoon ground cinnamon

6 cups of water


Heat water to boiling

Combine coffee, orange peel, ginger and cinnamon and place in cloth filter over container

Pour slightly less than boiling temperature water over coffee grounds

Pour into mugs and garnish with cinnamon sticks, whipped cream and or more orange peel

This concoction is a taste treat. It is also good for you. Both ginger and organic coffee have a host of good effects on your health.

Health Benefits of Ginger

According to whfoods.org ginger provides a lot of health benefits.

Historically, ginger has a long tradition of being very effective in alleviating symptoms of gastrointestinal distress. In herbal medicine, ginger is regarded as an excellent carminative (a substance which promotes the elimination of intestinal gas) and intestinal spasmolytic (a substance which relaxes and soothes the intestinal tract). Modern scientific research has revealed that ginger possesses numerous therapeutic properties including antioxidant effects, an ability to inhibit the formation of inflammatory compounds, and direct anti-inflammatory effects.

According to this site ginger is good for gastrointestinal relief and especially help with morning sickness in pregnancy. Its anti-inflammatory effects are helpful for arthritis sufferers. There is evidence that ginger may inhibit the growth of colon cancer cells and may kill ovarian cancer cells. Like organic coffee, ginger has been shown to boost immune function as well.

Health Benefits of Organic Coffee

We have written many times about the health aspects of organic coffee.

Antioxidants are responsible for the positive health aspects of organic coffee. Antioxidants in organic coffee are naturally occurring chemicals that impede the breakdown or oxidation of other chemicals. By impeding oxidation in various chemical and enzyme systems of the human body organic coffee antioxidants produce a number of positive health effects. For example, a naturally occurring antioxidant, trigonelline is found in coffee beans. When good organic coffee is roasted this chemical breaks down forming another useful antioxidant, methylpyridium. Recent scientific research shows us that methylpyridium increases the activity of phase II enzymes in the human body and higher levels of phase II enzymes are protective against the development of colon cancer. Thus the health aspects of organic coffee include the fact that more organic coffee can lead to less colon cancer.

Other health aspects of organic coffee include the fact that antioxidants have the ability to protect nerve cells and even reduce the incidence of diabetes. Research tells us that coffee drinkers can have an up to fifty percent reduction in the incidence of Type II diabetes, a disease that affects 20 million Americans. Beside the fact that more organic coffee can lead to less diabetes organic coffee antioxidants have the ability to reduce the risk of prostate cancer and even tooth decay.

The list of health benefits of organic coffee goes on and on. Organic green coffee with ginger is just one more way to enjoy the taste and benefits of coffee with a little added zip.

Why Does Coffee Improve Memory?

Everyone knows that coffee help us wake up in the morning and keeping during a long day. What is also the case is that coffee can help your memory. The easy part is that if you are more awake you will pay attention better and are more likely to remember things. But, does coffee help long term memory? Medical News Today comments on coffee and women’s risk of dementia.

Researchers have long suggested that caffeine – a mild stimulant present in coffee, tea, and cola – has cognitive benefits.

A study published in the journal Nature Neuroscience in 2014, for example, identified a link between coffee intake and improved long-term memory.

The new findings – recently published in The Journals of Gerontology, Series A: Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences – offer further evidence of caffeine’s brain benefits, after finding the stimulant may help to stave off cognitive decline in later life.

Here is the older study first of all. The quoted article is from Nature Neuroscience, 17, 201-203 (2014) and is titled Post-study caffeine administration enhances memory consolidation in humans.

It is currently not known whether caffeine has an enhancing effect on long-term memory in humans. We used post-study caffeine administration to test its effect on memory consolidation using a behavioral discrimination task. Caffeine enhanced performance 24 h after administration according to an inverted U-shaped dose-response curve; this effect was specific to consolidation and not retrieval. We conclude that caffeine enhanced consolidation of long-term memories in humans.

So, there is measurable proof that long term memory is improved with coffee. What the later study reported in MNT shows is that long term coffee consumption is associated with a reduced risk of dementia.

During up to 10 years of follow-up, all subjects underwent annual cognitive assessments, which the researchers analyzed to pinpoint a diagnosis of probable dementia or other forms of cognitive impairment. A total of 388 women received such diagnoses.

Compared with women who consumed a low amount of caffeine (defined in the study as less than 64 milligrams daily), those who consumed a higher amount (more than 261 milligrams daily) were found to be at 36 percent reduced risk of a diagnosis of probable dementia or cognitive impairment.

The researchers note that 261 milligrams of caffeine is the equivalent of two to three 8-ounce cups of coffee daily, or five to six 8-ounce cups of black tea.

Why does coffee improve memory? When asked by this seems to work the lead researcher talked about possible underlying mechanisms.

“The potential protective effect of caffeine is thought to occur primarily through the blockade of adenosine A2A receptors (ARs), whose expression and function become aberrant with both normal aging and age-related pathology.”

In other words drinking coffee slows down or reverses an effect of aging! This is just another example of the health aspects of coffee. Antioxidants in coffee are good for you and caffeine by itself is helpful in preventing depression and reducing the risk of suicide. Now you can drink your java with the firm knowledge that coffee improves your memory now and for years to come.

Organic Coffee with Coconut Oil

Do you like whipped cream atop your coffee? Unfortunately this does not work out well for most people on earth. Three fourths of the world’s population cannot consume dairy products without intestinal upset. This is referred to as lactose deficiency in Northern Europe and North American where three fourths of the population is genetically tolerant of milk, cream and other dairy products. But that still means that a fourth of the U.S. population and three fourths of the world cannot add milk or cream to their coffee or enjoy a whipped cream topping on their organic coffee espresso. Here is where organic coffee with coconut oil comes to the rescue. Food Dive writes about Café Whip, a coconut whipped cream!

Rich’s Products Corporation introduced the first whipped topping made with coconut milk, according to Perishable News. It contains coconut milk, coconut oil and sunflower oil.

The new topping, called Cafe Whip, is vegan and kosher pareve. It is made with sugar, has no hydrogenated oils, and is lower fat than sweetened and flavored heavy whipping cream.

This coconut milk topping could have many uses, but it was developed for coffee shops.

We wrote recently about how millennials drink coffee and like coffee house coffees, organic and generally higher quality. And since a large proportion of U.S. coffee drinkers and a much greater proportion of coffee drinkers outside of North America and Northern Europe don’t drink milk there is an expanding market for dairy alternatives. This market is dominated by soy, almond and rice products but now coconut milk is making inroads. So, if you don’t do well with milk products but love a little “whipped cream” atop your java, think organic coffee with coconut oil.


Irish Coffee

Irish Coffee with Coconut Whipping


And is there anything else in the organic coffee and coconut oil realm?

Start Your Coffee Aroma Wake-up in the Shower

An interesting place where organic coffee and coconut oil can meet is in homemade soap! The Alternative Daily tells how to make vanilla bean and coffee soap which includes coconut oil.

You might be wondering why you should consider making this soap when there are so many homemade soaps to choose from. Well, if you love the smell of fresh coffee with a hint of vanilla, then this recipe is for you!

Soap-making is so simple these days. Thanks to the melt-and-pour soap process, you can have a batch whipped up in no time. Plus, it smells absolutely amazing. To get that heavenly aroma, you don’t even have to use fresh grounds for this recipe – consider using your leftover grounds from this morning’s brew.

The ingredients for this homemade soap include white melt and pour unscented soap, coconut oil, coffee grounds and vanilla beans. The article has instructions.

Interestingly you can make this with used coffee grounds, which is another way to avoid sending the coffee grounds to the landfill. So, if you want to start your coffee experience in the shower while the java is brewing try this soap and if you love whipped cream atop your coffee but without the cream, think organic coffee with coconut oil-based whipping cream.

Get the Lead Out with Coffee Grounds

If you don’t want lead in the water for your coffee, coffee grounds may be just the right thing. UPI reports that coffee grounds can use used to extract heavy metal ions, like lead from water. Italian scientists have used coffee-infused foam to remove lead from contaminated water.

Coffee-infused foam sounds like the brainchild of a chef or barista, but it’s actually the work of a team of materials scientists and chemical engineers. The foam doesn’t go on top of a drink, but it can make water safe to drink — that is if the water is contaminated with lead.

A team of researchers at the Italian Institute of Technology created a filter, a combination of spent coffee grounds and bioelastomeric foam.

In initial tests, the foam successfully removed 99 percent of lead and mercury ions from contaminated still water in 30 hours. In flowing water, the foam extracted 67 percent of the lead ions.

The scientists suggest using coffee to clean up water contaminated by lead and other heavy metal ions like mercury. Since billions of pounds of coffee grounds are put in landfills every year the spent product of making coffee could be put to a much better use. What else can spent coffee grounds be used for?

There is more you can do with coffee grounds than throw them out or use them to get the lead of out contaminated water. Last year we wrote about healthy coffee grounds. Researchers in Spain found that a high level of antioxidants remain in use coffee grounds.

Researchers from the University of Granada found that antioxidant levels in spent coffee grounds and coffee silver skin are especially high. The silver skin is one of the protective layers in between the outer coffee berry and the beans inside; it is typically removed prior to roasting.

Some consumers use spent coffee grains as a do-it-yourself exfoliant. Others deposit coffee grounds into their compost pile. But the vast majority of coffee byproducts make their way to the landfill.

That’s a shame, according to researcher and food science professor Jose Angel Rufian Henares. Henares’ research team found silver skins and used coffee grounds to be rich in fiber and phenols, and to have antimicrobial and antioxidant properties 500 times greater than vitamin C.

Researchers hope that their findings will inspire food producers and others to devise ways to recoup these healthy coffee grounds and make use of them in healthy products.

Coffee grounds have already found their way into skin care products.

Some medical research indicates that topical caffeine products reduce inflammation, reverse sun damage, provide antioxidant protection and minimize the appearance of cellulite. Although those scientific theories have not been definitively proven, they are causing some women to add caffeine skin products to their beauty regimen.

As Italian scientists find that you can use coffee grounds to remove lead from contaminated water beauticians are using coffee grounds to beatify their clients. There are certainly lots of useful things that you can do with coffee grounds rather than throw them out!

Do Millennials Drink Coffee?

Every generation has its nickname and its habits. Millennials are people who reached adulthood around the year 2000. Lindsey Pollak tells us that groups such as millennials share beliefs, attitudes and behaviors. Here is a little about millennials.

Demographers disagree, but the general number I use – and the one that Pew uses – is those who are between the ages of 18 to 34 in 2015.

Credit for the moniker “millennial” goes to Neil Howe and and the late William Strauss, who first used the term in the mid-90s and wrote Millennials Rising in 2000. It was outgrowth of work they had done for a book called Generations, which was among the first to explore the idea that groups share qualities such as beliefs, attitudes, values and behaviors because of the time period when they grew up.

Generation Y: Yes, “millennial” and “Gen Y” are the same thing.

Echo boomers: As children of Boomers, millennials make up the largest generation since their parents.

Digital natives: They are the first generation who don’t know life without the internet and personal tech devices.

Now, our question is do millennials drink coffee might they favor organic coffee or a least high quality coffee house coffee?

Coffee Culture and Millennials Engagement at Work

Forbes provides insight into the relationship between millennials and their coffee habits in their article about a culture around coffee.

Americans love coffee, with more than half of adults drink at least one cup per day. Millennials are avid coffee drinkers too, particularly with espresso-based drinks. According to one study, gourmet coffee beverage consumption among 25-39 year olds jumped from 19% to 41% between 2008 to 2016.

This change in coffee consumption started a shift in workplace coffee options. “Office coffee services have traditionally been the worst of the worst,” according to Jesse Kahn, national sales manager for Counter Culture Coffee, “and there’s been a lot of growth in companies recognizing the need for a better coffee experience.” Companies like Mars Drinks, for example, are working to provide higher quality coffee options.

It turns out that millennials do not necessarily drink more coffee than other generations of Americans, but they like good coffee and are willing to pay for it. In a world in which investments in the stock market and real estate have bottomed out right before our eyes, many millennials are “investing” in quality of life which includes better food and beverage experiences.

Businesses that want to maintain a high level of creativity and vitality in their work places are willing to pay for better designed work places and a better workplace experience and that, it turns out, includes a better cup of coffee at work.

Will Millennials Live Longer?

Since millennials like their coffee and there is evidence that drinking coffee helps you avoid a large number of serious diseases will millennials live longer? Will their years be more disease free? To refresh your memory on this issue take a look again at our article about the health benefits of coffee.

Want to Retire in Coffee Country?

If you really like organic coffee you may be someone who would like to grow your own during retirement. Interestingly U.S. News just published an article about 3 places to retire in coffee country. We were especially interested because one of the locations is where you can grow, pick and process your own coffee from Colombia.

If you like the idea of growing, sun-drying, roasting and brewing your own coffee – from berry to cup – you’ll be interested to know that prime coffee land can be found in some of the world’s most beautiful locations. What’s more, coffee grows best at an elevation of around 4,000 to 7,000 feet. This elevation also means great weather year-round.

If you’ve got a spirit of adventure and aren’t afraid of a little ground work, you could be harvesting your own coffee as part of your overseas retirement plan. Here are three top retirement destinations that are also ideal places for cultivating coffee plants.

These are the three locations that U.S. News suggests.

Coatepec, Mexico

50,000 person town close to the university town and capital of Veracruz State, Xalapa.

4,000 feet elevation where you can grow your own coffee

Valcabamba, Ecuador

5,000 feet elevation and the highest concentration of people over age 100

You can grow coffee here year round

Manizales, Colombia

This is our favorite, situated at 7,000 feet plus or minus about 700

Manizales is in the heart of the Eje Cafetero, the Colombian coffee growing axis where the best Arabica coffee in the world comes from

Manizales and environs have a million people but you don’t need to go very far from the center of the city to find farm land suitable for coffee growing. Nearby smaller towns like Chinchina and Santa Rosa de Cabal are local commercial centers and centers for coffee processing.

Manizales nestles under the heights of the 15,000 foot volcano Nevada Ruiz seen in this photo from the Caretera Hotel in Manizales.


Nevada Ruiz

Nevada Ruiz

This is a town where you can go to a modern mall (Los Fundadores) and sip coffee at one of many coffee shops

Manizales: Juan Valdez Coffee Shop

Manizales: Juan Valdez Coffee Shop

or shop on palm lined streets with a panorama of mountain peaks.

Manizales, Colombia View

Manizales, Colombia View

Manizales was founded around 1850 by coffee growers who came by ox cart specifically for the ideal soil conditions and climate. It grew from a small settlement to nearly a million persons including the “suburbs” by extension up and down the hills ranging out from the mountain top center of town.

Manizales, Colombia Keeps Growing

Manizales, Colombia Keeps Growing

Mountainside Coffee Farming

If you move to Colombia and buy a piece of land for growing coffee you will be one with your neighbors. It is common to see coffee growing in back yards, especially on hillsides in the Eje Cafetero. The Carturro variety is commonly seen growing at lower elevations (3,000 to 5,000 feet) and standard Arabica is grown closer to 7,000 feet. You farm could well end up being on the mountainside where your home is on the only flat ground and you use the slope for growing coffee.

Coffee in Colombia

Coffee in Colombia

Coffee growing from the lowlands to the mountain peaks is common around Manizales.