Fresh Ground Coffee for Backpacking

What if you are an outdoors enthusiast and also a lover of healthy organic coffee? The last time you went backpacking in the Rocky Mountains, walked the Pacific Crest Trail or walked around the high country almost anywhere how was your coffee? The odds are that you brought instant coffee and tried to forget how good it would have been to drink freshly ground organic coffee from Colombia. There are several problems with getting good coffee on the trail at high altitude and the first has to do with weight. Backpackers know that every ounce they pack in they either need to consume or pack out. And where can you plug in your coffee grinder on 12,000 foot Bears Ears Pass in the Wind River Range of Wyoming? Here are a couple of solutions starting with a light weight portable electric coffee grinder.

Grinding Beans on the Trail

Digital Trends has an article about how not to camp with bad coffee again.

For campers, it is all about that morning ritual after spending the night in a tent. Upon waking up to the early morning sun, nothing cuts through the brisk air better than a fresh cup of coffee. Rather than using stale grounds or instant coffee, the portable Lume coffee grinder provides the freshest grounds for a better morning. At just 22 ounces, Lume is the lightest auto-grinder available on the market. It’s roughly the size of a water bottle.

This portable coffee grinder comes with LED lights and a battery capable of providing twenty hours of light at night or ground coffee for 50 cups. While there are plenty of manual grinders for the trail this high tech machine is said to provide a more even grind. The early bird price is $59 but be prepared to pay $119 later on. Joyride Coffee provides a review of manual coffee grinders for backpack brew. They have two suggestions for manual grinders.

If you just have to have a hand grinder out on the trail, there are two that fit the bill. The first is the Porlex JP-30 Stainless Steel Coffee Grinder, which actually boasts a ceramic conical burr and yields a surprisingly consistent grind. Another option, marketed specifically as a camping grinder, is the GSI Outdoors JavaGRIND Coffee Grinder. While I have not used it myself, it has a worryingly low Amazon rating, due to poor build quality and consistency.

Both of these grinders weigh 11.2 oz.

That is half the weight of the battery driven device and you will still have power on an extended trip in the high country. A drawback to coffee grinders on the trail is that you don’t want to get them wet.

Iodinated Organic Coffee

If you are hiking into Cirque of the Towers to climb Texas Tower be aware that the entire valley has giardia lamblia in the water so you need to treat the water you are drinking. To save fuel you will probably treat with iodine and put up with the taste. Because you probably don’t want to taste iodine in your freshly ground Colombian Arabica coffee just boil your water for coffee for three minutes and that will kill any giardia even if you are camping at 10,000 feet and the boiling point of water is 193 degrees Fahrenheit. The Spruce has a table of boiling points by altitude.

Coffee That Tastes Like Starbucks

If you are a lover of coffee house coffee you know all about Starbucks. These folks have been in the coffee house business since 1971 and have nearly twenty-four thousand locations all across the globe. If you enjoy their products and want more coffee that tastes like Starbucks what do you do? First of all what is unique about Starbucks coffee? Starbucks is a second wave coffee business. This means that they sell a dark roast coffee and work to provide reliable taste, quality and customer service that brings customers back for more. Second wave coffee has now been passed by third wave coffee.

This is third wave coffee where baristas can tell their clients which farm in which coffee growing area their coffee came from, if it is regular or healthy organic coffee and provide classes in coffee roasting, tasting and sourcing. But is third wave coffee really better and if it is does it justify the price?

Whereas third wave coffee requires a personal touch only possible with a small local establishment second wave coffee such as Starbucks is scalable as proven by the fact that Starbucks sells from nearly twenty-four thousand locations.

What Kind of Coffee Does Starbucks Buy?

Starbucks buys high quality Arabica coffee, both regular and organic.

There are two basic species of coffee, Arabica and Robusta. Arabica coffee is generally believed to be the first type of coffee to be cultivated. So, if you buy Arabica organic coffee you are buying into a tradition stretching back over a thousand years. The so called coffee shrub of Africa is believed to have originated in the mountains of Yemen although there is also evidence that the species originated in the highlands of Ethiopia and the Sudan. When you buy Arabica organic coffee you are choosing the species of coffee with superior taste according to many experts. Café Arabica also contains less caffeine than Robusta. Although wild Arabica coffee plants can reach 12 meters in height coffee growers typically prune the plant to no more than 5 meters and often as short as 2 meters high to make the coffee easier to pick. Arabica coffee grows best at just under a mile in altitude although it is grown at sea level and as high as 7,500 feet.

If you want coffee that tastes like Starbucks buy high quality Arabica coffee. To get the most reliable quality we suggestion coffee from Colombia.

Is coffee from Colombia really some of the best in the world? If you pass through the Eldorado terminal at the international airport in Bogota, Colombia, stop by the Juan Valdez coffee shop for pan de bono and either regular or Juan Valdez organic coffee. You will be glad that you did and you will be on your way to believing that coffee from Colombia is some of the best in the world.

If you would like coffee that tastes like Starbucks or even better contact us today for more information.

Organic Coffee with Reishi

You may have heard about organic coffee with reishi. What is this concoction and is it good for you or something to avoid completely? Red reishi is a mushroom found in China. Its scientific name is ganoderma lucidum and it has been used as a folk medicine in China for centuries. There is some evidence that this mushroom contains substances that can help the immune system, lower blood pressure and fight tumors. But combine reishi with organic coffee?

Health Benefits of Coffee

It seems that every month another scientific study is published showing more health benefits of coffee. Most recently it has been revealed that not only is coffee good for you but the health benefits of drinking coffee improve with age.

Research has shown that if you drink coffee you live longer. That is to say that over a given period of time coffee drinkers are less likely to die than folks who don’t drink coffee.

Now those results have been replicated in a Spanish study and in to addition the fact that folks who drink coffee are less likely to die in the next ten years the protective effect of coffee is stronger in people over the age of 45.

The most recent study looked at coffee consumption and the likelihood of death in the over the next seven years. Coffee drinkers over 45 were less likely to die by 20% for each cup of coffee consumed per day up to three cups. Drinking more did not seem to help. Coffee reduces the risk of Type II diabetes, various cancers, Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s diseases. But if you want to improve upon the benefits of coffee what can you do?

Health Benefits of Reishi

Various web sites sing the praises of the Reishi mushroom. One is Health Clover where they suggest coffee with reishi mushroom extract.

According to these folks reishi mushrooms reduce blood sugar, stimulate the liver and bile production and are a source of antioxidants, like coffee.  According to the Mayo Clinic, “studies suggest Reishi reduces inflammatory cytokine IL6 & boosts Interleukin 10, among other +effects, so should help immunity.” In their nutrition and healthy eating section they say this.

This fungus is the only food source of vitamin D – besides animal products. No other plants provide vitamin D.

The vitamin B-12 found naturally in mushrooms is the same form found in meat.

Mushrooms contain a variety of bioactive compounds that are antioxidants, which offer protection from cancer and heart disease, and moderate blood sugar levels.

And this part applies to all mushrooms. Regarding reishi the scientific opinion is that consuming reishi mushroom may help your immune response and may inhibit cancers. However, the sort of long term studies that have been done on coffee have not been done on this mushroom. Nevertheless the reishi mushroom has been used as a folk medicine for centuries and if there were really bad problems it would have been put aside and forgotten about.

What Makes a Coffee Organic?

The world consumes more than two billion cups of coffee a day. In the USA more than 50% of the population drinks coffee. Statistics are hard to come by but organic coffee makes up only a small percentage of total coffee output or consumption. What makes a coffee organic and why would you want to drink healthy organic coffee and not regular java?

Healthy organic coffee has been around for a long, long time. Unfortunately in the modern era the use of pesticides and herbicides has entered the picture in growing many crops, including otherwise healthy organic coffee. Although non-organic contaminants do not necessarily reduce the beneficial health effects of a healthy cup of organic coffee the non-organic contaminants cause problems of their own.

A study by the Australian Food Standards Authority revealed that as many as 133 contaminants may be in a cup of commercially available coffee. These contaminants include metals such as aluminum and zinc, pesticide residues, ochratoxin A, acrylamide, furan, and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons. Some polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons are found to cause cancer. Furans have been associated with skin disorders, liver problems, certain kinds of cancers, impairment to the reproductive, endocrine, and immune system, as well as effects on embryonic development.

Drinking organic coffee probably does not increase the health effects of drinking coffee that come from antioxidants and caffeine. But organic coffee does not contain residues of pesticides, herbicides, fungicides or synthetic fertilizers. What makes coffee organic is that is grown in uncontaminated soil, processed and stored separately from regular coffee. The end result of organic coffee farming is preservation of the soil and the water table by a process referred to as sustainable agriculture. But, how do you know your coffee is organic?

Organic Coffee Certification

The United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) certifies organically produced food including organic coffee. Because the only coffee grown in the USA is grown in Hawaii the USDA uses other certifying agencies who work on the USDA’s behalf. In Latin America where the majority of the world’s organic coffee is produces Bio Latina is a certifying agency for the USDA.

If your organic coffee originated in Latin America it is likely that it was subject to Bio Latina organic coffee certification. Bio Latina is located in Lima, Peru. The company certifies farms, ranches, and forests for sustainable practices on behalf of organizations throughout the world. Bio Latina certifies in Bolivia, Peru, Colombia, Nicaragua and Venezuela as well as in Panamá, Honduras, Guatemala, El Salvador Ecuador and Mexico. The label on a bag of healthy organic coffee from Latin America may say that it is USDA certified. However, it may be Bio Latina organic coffee certification on behalf of the USDA that guarantees a pure cup of organic coffee.

Whether your organic coffee is certified by Bio Latina or another agency on behalf of the USDA you should see a USDA Certified sticker on the bag. Other certifications such as UTZ or Rainforest Alliance let you know that coffee was grown under sustainable agricultural conditions although the coffee might not meet the strict definition of organic coffee.

Benefits of Drinking Coffee Improve with Age

Research has shown that if you drink coffee you live longer. That is to say that over a given period of time coffee drinkers are less likely to die than folks who don’t drink coffee.

Another scientific study has come out with the ultimate health benefit of drinking coffee, drink coffee and live longer. The results of the study showed that people who drank between one and five cups of coffee a day had a lower risk of dying that those who did not drink any coffee.

Now those results have been replicated in a Spanish study and in to addition the fact that folks who drink coffee are less likely to die in the next ten years the protective effect of coffee is stronger in people over the age of 45. Time reports the story about how coffee’s benefits may be strongest for people over 45.

Adults who drank four cups of coffee a day had a 64% lower risk of dying during a new 10-year Spanish study, compared to those who rarely or never drank the beverage. The link between coffee and reduced mortality risk was strongest for people over 45, the authors say, suggesting that the drink’s protective elements are even more important in older age.

The researchers say that for every two cups of coffee a person drinks per day they receive the benefit of a 22% lower risk of death in the next ten years. However, when the data is parsed out by age groups it turns out that for those over the age of 45 experienced at 30% reduction in ten year mortality. And when the older people were subtracted from the study there was little change in predicted mortality for the younger members of the study.

The researchers note that coffee contains antioxidants which fight inflammation. And many age related diseases are adversely affected by inflammation.

Antioxidants help prevent the damage caused by excessive oxidation and to a degree inhibit the aging process. When an oxidative reaction brought on by disease gets going it produces free radicals that start chain reactions which in turn cause cell and tissue damage. The human body has or uses antioxidants to control this situation. Natural means of controlling oxidation include vitamins C and E as well as glutathione. It is low levels of antioxidants that can lead to a condition referred to as oxidative stress and resultant damage to cells in the body. Organic coffee antioxidants are in the same class of molecules that help reduce oxidation.

The study was presented to the European Society of Cardiology. Higher Coffee Consumption Associated with Lower Risk of Death is the title and it can be found on the society’s web site.

Higher coffee consumption is associated with a lower risk of death, according to research presented today at ESC Congress.1 The observational study in nearly 20 000 participants suggests that coffee can be part of a healthy diet in healthy people.

Dr Navarro said: “In the SUN project we found an inverse association between drinking coffee and the risk of all-cause mortality, particularly in people aged 45 years and above. This may be due to a stronger protective association among older participants.”

She concluded: “Our findings suggest that drinking four cups of coffee each day can be part of a healthy diet in healthy people.”

That having been said, enjoy your java and preferably drink healthy organic coffee.

Does Drinking Coffee Weaken Your Bones?

When you drink coffee you pass more calcium in your urine. Does this result in a loss of calcium from your body? Does drinking coffee weaken your bones? The issue for people over 50 years of age is that they should take calcium supplements, 1,000 milligrams a day for women and 1,000 milligrams a day for men. What happens if you don’t take supplements and you drink coffee?

The Evidence

The New York Times published an article asking, is coffee bad for your bones?

Drinking a lot of coffee has been linked to an increased risk of fractures in some observational studies. However, other studies have found no such link.

“I wouldn’t worry about it,” said Dr. Robert R. Recker, the director of the Osteoporosis Research Center at Creighton University in Omaha. Huge, national studies in different countries have found “no evidence of an increase of fractures due to coffee,” said Dr. Recker, an endocrinologist.

For instance, a population-based Swedish study, which included more than 61,000 women followed for roughly 20 years, found in 2013 that drinking four cups of coffee or more daily was associated with a tiny reduction of bone density, but it was not linked to an increased risk of fracture.

The bottom line is that even in people over 50 who don’t take calcium supplements and do drink coffee the risk of bone fractures is very slightly higher than normal. If these folks have a diet that contains calcium either in supplement form for as natural foods like milk or cheese there is no increased risk of bone fractures. In short drinking coffee does not weaken your bones in later years if you have a regular source of calcium in your diet.

Are There Other Issues with Calcium?

If you are a 50+ coffee drinker make sure there is enough calcium in your diet just to be sure. But what else should you be aware of? If you take corticosteroids for diseases like asthma, if you put a lot of salt on your food, if you take protein supplements and if you eat too much spinach all of these can cause a loss of calcium. Other reasons to lose calcium are too much phosphorus from sodas, too much insoluble fiber, too much alcohol and smoking. What does a person do? First of all avoid anything in excess, especially smoking and alcohol but what people need is sufficient calcium in their diet whether they are concerned about coffee or about other reasons to lose calcium.

Hip Fractures

Calcium loss with age increases the risk of hip fractures to where 1% of women aged 80 experiences this. The answer is more calcium and not less coffee. After all your odds of making it to age 80 are better if you drink coffee because if you drink coffee you live longer!

Another scientific study has come out with the ultimate health benefit of drinking coffee, drink coffee and live longer. The journal Circulation published an article, Association of Coffee Consumption with total and Cause-Specific Mortality in Three Large Prospective Cohorts. This long and complicated title simply means that a lot of people were studied for cause of death. For decades the Harvard School of Public Health has enrolled and followed up on graduates in the health professions.

  • Nurses’ Health Study: 74,890 (women)
  • Nurses’ Health Study II: 93,054 (women)
  • Health Professionals Follow-up Study: 40557 (men)

Over the years people enrolled in this study reported how much coffee they drank and when someone died the cause of death was recorded in the study. Over 4,690,072 person years (# of people x # of years) 19,524 women and 12,432 men died. The results of the study showed that people who drank between one and five cups of coffee a day had a lower risk of dying that those who did not drink any coffee.

Is Organic Coffee Acid Free?

A reader recently asked this question. Is organic coffee acid free? The short answer is no but there is more to the story. What makes coffee acidic? First of all the average acidity of black coffee is a pH of 5 where water is neutral at 7, cow’s milk is 6 and lemon juice is 2. The things that make coffee acidic are the things that give it taste and the antioxidants that provide many of the health benefits. But not all coffees are the same in this regard. Higher Grounds wrote about coffee acidity.

Coffee enthusiasts and aficionados identify acidity as the dry, bright, and sparkling sensation that sets a high-quality, high-grown coffee apart from a mundane, lower-grown coffee. Admittedly, this is the rather snooty way of looking at the issue, though it is true that many highly-prized coffees are grown at high elevation and are characterized by their bright, nuanced qualities.

If you are looking for a less acidic coffee you want something grown at lower altitude such as a Colombian Caturra.

Caturra evolved from the Bourbon cultivar near the town of Caturra, Brazil in the early 20th century. Caturra has a higher yield than the bourbon variety. It matures quickly providing coffee beans two years after planting. The caturra plant is short and more disease resistant than older Arabica-based varieties.

In the Colombian coffee growing axis, the Eje Cafetero, growers plant Caturra at around three to four thousand feet on much gentler slopes than where more traditional Arabica varieties are grown. The plant does well in nearly full sun although it is commonly planted interspersed with plantain. In the photo Caturra is planted in the foreground at around 3,500 feet and larger traditional Arabica varieties are planted on the higher slopes in the background.

Full Roast

You can also dark roast the heck out of your green coffee beans which degrades most of the natural acids in the coffee and typically removes flavor as well. If you go the dark roast route pick a coffee with an earthier natural flavor which may survive excessive roasting.

Latte Anyone?

Several coffee house coffees add milk or creamer to the original Java. This may be for flavor but it also serves to buffer the acidity.

Breve and Latte

Both of these are made with espresso and foam. Latte is made with steamed milk and breve is made with half and half. For latte think “coffee with milk” or café au lait and for breve think “coffee with milk and cream.”

Cappuccino

Cappuccino is made with espresso plus hot milk plus lots of steamed foam.

Mocha

Mocha is for coffee and chocolate lovers. It is made with espresso plus chocolate syrup plus milk.

Coffees Advertised As Low Acid

And you can simply look at the label to see if the coffee is advertised as low acid. If it is then it is probably a low altitude coffee. Just make sure that it is also certified organic coffee as well.

Organic Decaffeinated Coffee K Cups

If you are a single serve coffee lover but also want organic without the caffeine what do you do? It turns out that organic decaffeinated k cups are not that hard to find. Google the term. Target online carries several Keurig brands of organic decaffeinated coffee k cups as well as Newman’s Own, McCafe, Peet’s and even Folgers. And of course you can explore on Amazon.com for an endless variety of this product. If you want to go to the source of k cups visit the Keurig web site for Swiss water decaf k cups, both fair trade and organic. Other sources are Organic Gorilla, Rogers Family and even Bed Bath and Beyond.

Certified Decaf Coffee Process

We wrote recently about decaf coffee and whether it is organic or not. In our article Organic Coffee without Caffeine we noted that the only organic certified way to make decaf is the Swiss Water Process.

The Swiss water method does not use solvents to decaffeinate coffee. It was invented 80 years ago but required decades for technical improvements to make it cost effective. The company that does this is in Vancouver, B.C. and their process for making decaf organic coffee is certified.

To remove caffeine, coffee beans are soaked in hot water. The water passes through a large-pore activated charcoal filter with pore size such that larger caffeine molecules are trapped and smaller molecules (oils, antioxidants) pass through. The remaining water contains flavor elements but not caffeine. Then the first batch of caffeine-free beans is discarded.

Now new beans are soaked in the new flavorful but caffeine free water. Osmosis causes caffeine to leech out of the beans because of the difference in coffee concentration between bean and water. The flavor elements, antioxidants, etc. remain in the bean because there is not concentration difference between bean and water.

All batches are tested to guarantee that their coffee is 99.5% caffeine free. And decaf coffee made this way is always labeled as Swiss Water decaf.

So if you are looking for organic decaffeinated coffee in k cups look for certification of the Swiss Water Process.

Where Does the Coffee Come From?

Our favorite coffees are Colombian Arabica and this includes when the coffee is decaffeinated. Read our article about coffee from Manizales, Colombia for a sense of the culture and the quality of the coffee.

Manizales was founded in the mid-19th century by 14 families who moved into this mountainous region specifically to grow coffee. They are now known as the founders or Fundadores. The local upscale mall is the Fundadores and a large local grocery store is La 14 in reference to the founders. Coffee culture is everywhere and Manizales is the home of the Colombian Coffee Growers Association. There are large coffee roasting companies everywhere but our focus is on the small family operations. We visited one such company recently. Dad came from Tolima, Colombia a generation ago and founded a tilladora. This word translates as thresher in Google but is the operation for removal of the husk on the green coffee bean before roasting.

If you want great organic coffee look for Colombian.

Organic Coffee to Go

You can be an organic coffee purist who buys imported green organic coffee beans and roasts just enough for a day’s consumption. Or you can be a lover of healthy organic coffee with a busy life and rarely be at home. If the latter is the case then where can you find organic coffee to go? Here are the larger coffee house chains and what we could find out about their organic coffee to go.

Caribou Coffee

Caribou carries acacia organic blend if you want strictly organic. But Caribou is also the first major coffee house chain to sell 100% Rainforest Alliance certified coffee.

Coffee Beanery

Coffee Beanery sells 100% Arabica coffees some of which are organic and Fair Trade.

Dunkin’ Donuts

These folks have evolved from a string of donut shops to a fast food chain with good coffee. They have organic coffee to go and are big on Fair Trade.

Starbucks

Starbucks carries several organic coffees to go and has for years.

McCafe

McDonald’s upgraded its coffee several years ago and added a coffee house niche in many of their restaurants. Much if not all of their coffee depending on which country you are in is Rainforest Alliance Certified, UTZ Certified or Fair Trade International. Their move to high quality certified coffee is especially important as McDonald’s serves a billion cups of coffee each year in the USA alone.

Costa Coffee

This is a British coffee house chain with outlets all over the world. They sell Rainforest Alliance certified coffees.

Tully’s Coffee

These folks used to sell 100% organic Fair Trade coffee. That stopped in 2008 but you can still get organic coffee to if you ask for it.

Peet’s Coffee & Tea

This company was started by Alfred Peet who first provided gourmet coffees to his customers. And yes you can get organic coffee to go at their establishments.

Tim Horton’s

This company does not use organic or other coffees certified by outside organizations. Rather they work directly with growers. Coffee and Conservation quotes the Tim Horton web site.

On their web site, the company explains, “we decided against buying fair trade coffee” and instead developed a program that works directly with the growers. This program, initiated in 2005, is called the Sustainable Coffee Partnership, and is implemented and managed by the outside organization EDE Consulting, of the Neumann Kaffee Gruppe, Hamburg, Germany. The Partnership will focus on three-year projects. These will provide technical assistance and investment in infrastructure to improve productivity and quality, aid in crop diversification (such as bananas), address the needs of families, and emphasize “the need to respect and protect the environment.”

And there are lots of smaller coffee shops where you can get organic coffee to go but you need to ask. And if they do not have any you can ask them to buy a bag and offer it to their customers.

And if all else fails you can make your organic coffee at home and carry a thermos to keep it warm until the afternoon coffee break. Just a thought.

How Many Pounds of Coffee Do You Need to Trade for a Russian Fighter Jet?

Indonesia is the fourth largest coffee producer in the world at more than 800,000 tons a year. A fourth of their exports are high quality Arabica coffee beans and three fourths are lower quality but higher in caffeine content Robusta. As you enjoy your cup of Java remember that Java is an island in the Indonesian archipelago and was such a dominant producer in the early days that the island’s name came to mean coffee to many people. Indonesia is also a country with an army, navy and air force and recently they wanted to buy fighter jets from Russia. However, the EU and USA imposed banking sanctions on Russia because of its annexation of Crimea and meddling in Eastern Ukraine. So, how could Indonesia get the fighter jets it wanted? They resorted to barter and thereby bypassed the international banking system. Now the only question is how many pounds of coffee do you need to trade for a Russian fighter jet?

Russian Fighter Jet

Russian Fighter Jet

Green Coffee Beans

The business site Bloomberg reports that Indonesia barters coffee and palm oil for Russian fighter jets.

Indonesia said Monday that it will barter coffee, palm oil and other commodities for 11 Russian-made Sukhoi fighter jets, calling U.S. and European sanctions against Russia an opportunity to boost the Southeast Asian nation’s trade.

Indonesian Ministry of Trade spokesman Marolop Nainggolan said that a memorandum of understanding for the barter was signed Aug. 4 in Moscow between Russia’s Rostec and PT. Perusahaan Perdagangan Indonesia, both state-owned companies.

Both sides are staying quiet about the exact details but a Russian Sukhoi Su-35 jet sells for $40 million to $65 million depending on the number of options included. Assuming that Indonesia goes with the low cost $40 million option how many pounds of coffee do you need to trade for this Russian fighter jet?

The Price of Coffee

As of this writing, Arabica coffee trades at about $3.30 a pound. Robusta trades at about $2.31 a pound.  How does that translate into Russian fighter jets? If the Russians only want lots of caffeine and less flavor they will barter for Robusta. $40 million divided by $2.31 a pound for Robusta comes to 17.3 million pounds of Robusta coffee which is almost 9,000 tons. If the Russians go for the better tasting Arabica, this comes to $40 million divided by $3.30 or 12.1 million pounds of Arabica which is 6,000 tons. Indonesia produces 200,000 tons of Arabica a year and 600,000 tons of Robusta. If the country decided to trade all of its Robusta coffee for fighter jets they could trade for 600,000 tons/9,000 tons = 66 Russian fighter jets. If they traded all of their Arabica coffee for jets that would work out to 200,000 tons/6,000 tons = 33 Russian fighter jets. Of course there is palm oil in the bargain but our calculations only concern themselves with how many pounds of coffee they need to trade for Russian fighter jets of which they are buying 11.