Organic Coffee Roasting Companies

In order maintain the quality of healthy organic coffee, organic coffee roasting companies need dedicated equipment, storage, and processing. Organic coffee is roasted just like regular coffee. Roasting organic coffee produces the unique aroma and taste that consumers desire. The heat creates chemical processes within the coffee bean. Green coffee beans expand and they change color. Once coffee has been roasted it is less stable than in its green form. Thus roasting ideally takes place shortly before use. Although the vast majority of organic coffee is roasted commercially by organic coffee roasting companies it is possible to roast organic coffee at home as well.

Organic coffee roasting companies do more than just heat up green organic coffee beans. Beans are sorted and debris removed. Green coffee beans are placed in measured amounts in storage hoppers and then moved to roasters. Coffee roasters operate at between 240 to 275 degree Celsius (464 to 527 degrees Fahrenheit). Roasting takes anywhere from three to thirty minutes. During the roasting process, when a set of chemical reactions begin within the bean the coffee bean starts to generate heat and the external heat source must be turned down. At the end of the roasting process beans are commonly cooled by forced air. Organic coffee roasting companies use a variety of setups but the basic idea isto heat and then cool the organic coffee beans. The degree to which coffee beans are roasted is a major contributor to the flavor of organic coffee and the degree to which organic coffee antioxidants are created or modified.

The roast profile of a batch of green organic coffee beans produces various degrees of caramelization, color change, and aroma. Here are a few coffee types and the roasting temperatures required to obtain them.

Cinnamon Roast 195 °C (383 °F)

New England Roast 205 °C (401 °F)

American Roast 210 °C (410 °F)

City Roast 220 °C (428 °F)

Full City Roast 225 °C (437 °F)

Vienna Roast 230 °C (446 °F)

French Roast 240 °C (464 °F)

Italian Roast 245 °C (473 °F)

Spanish Roast 250 °C (482 °F)

The original quality of the organic coffee beans survives through most of the range of roasting but at the higher temperatures it the roasting process that dominates and produces the majority of flavor and aroma. Organic coffee roasting companies commonly make a variety of roasts; the specific ones depend upon the likes and dislikes of their customers. The commonality of these coffee roasting companies is that they only roast organic coffee or that they roast organic coffee in dedicated storage units and roasting facilities. Organic coffee comes a long way from the various tropical highlands where coffee is grown. Shade grown organic coffee is a unique product, free of many of the contaminants that can be found in regular coffee. The dedication to sustainable growing practices and the production of an excellent coffee could, sadly, be undone by organic coffee roasting companies that do not follow strict protocols in storing, processing, roasting, cooling, and packaging good organic coffee.


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